The History Of Smartphones

Introduction

Mobile phones are amazing device which brings most of the works in a single hand. In the world one quarter of the earth’s population using a mobile phone. Therefore another mobile phones are Smartphone’s which are great phones and it’s a phenomenal .Smartphone’s are rich mobile personal gateways into the digital universe and its growing and expanding all over the digital world. In the digital worlds its combines content, commerce, computing, and community. It keep the home of google.com, ebay.com, amazon.com, yahoo.com, bbcnews.com, slashdot.com, aol.com, msn.com, and much, much more can brings all the website tools in a single device. Easily we can access the universe through mobile web browser – as provided on Smartphone’s interfaces that make the experience more intuitive, more engaging, and more valuable. And just as the digital universe is steering the evolution of Smartphone’s, the increasing prevalence of Smartphone’s will steer the next phase of the evolution of the digital universe. Smartphone’s are famous for their versatility – in a single day a Smartphone’s may be a contactless wallet, a barcode reader, a satellite navigation system, an email or social network client, a Wi-Fi hotspot, and be used to make a phone call. Given the growing importance of Smartphone’s, we believe it is important to assess the privacy and security risks of these devices.

But only a few years ago, mobile phones were expensive device. Now people can buy easily and no longer dream able device anymore .Mobile phones are the most successful device of consumer electronics in history. Smartphone’s are now an essential tool in all sections of European society, from top government officials to businesses and consumers. In the UK, Germany, France, Spain, and Italy alone, the number of Smartphone’s users are increasing day by day (around 62 million users). Lots of e-business companies their monetary value flowing through Smartphone’s, For example – eBay expects 1.3 to 1.5 billion Euros in transactions through the i-Phone app in 2010.

History of Smartphone

1984: Psion Organizer II8 bit processor9V battery, it lasted for several months!Develop own applications (OPL-language)Memory extensions, plug-in modules

1994: IBM Simon First real „Smartphone “TouchscreenPIM, Data communication

2001: Nokia 7650First 2.5G phone(GPRS, HSCSD)Light/proximitysensorSymbian OS -Open system!

Nokia N95 (March 2007)

QVGA display(16,7 Mio. Fabens, 6,6cm)

5 MPixelcamera(Carl Zeiss)

Integrated GPS

WLAN, UMTS, HSDPA

USB, 3.5 mm audio connector, radio, TV-Out, Micro SD-support

120 g, 99x53x21mm

In this report we give an overview of the key information and opportunities for Smartphone’s users. We stress that the risks should be balanced against the potential benefits of Smartphone’s 1. A description of the many potential benefits in terms of, for example, cost-savings, increased efficiency and a better quality of life is outside the scope of this report. To give just one example however, Smartphone’s are being used as smart-health sensors, allowing heart patients to stay at home safely, while having their heart issues controlled and monitored by medical staff. In this way Smartphone’s increase a patient’s quality of life and, at the same time, save healthcare costs.

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Dramatic Impact of Smart phones on Personal Life

San Mateo, CA, April 13, 2010 – Ring Central, which is a cloud computing based business phone system provider, their new survey find out that customers on the changing nature of business communications. The survey included Ring Central’s small to medium-sized business customers around the U.S. reveals that the Smartphone has going to an integral part of their daily life and a dramatic impact on personal life. Survey results provide that intimate relations and Smartphone’s tied as the number one thing survey respondents cannot live without. Another proof is that an increasingly mobile workforce would rather give up their morning cup of coffee than their Smartphone’s.

The majority of people in the city they are using Smartphone’s as compared to home phone or office phone. On the other hand Smartphone’s are using more than computers for business and also encroaching on computers as well, more than 25% of surveyed showed that using the Smartphone more than the computer for business. In fact, nearly 8% don’t even take their laptop when they travel for business if they carry their Smartphone. We can say that Smartphone’s are the new resolution in every single day in our personnel life and business.

Smartphone is Primary Business Phone

From survey find out that more than 45% of their phone communication via Smartphone’s. And nearly 80% of the surveyed showed that people are using the Smartphone as their primary business phone. Coupled of Years ago, laptops came qas a new era of working remotely. Now a day’s, cloud based systems and Smartphone’s have dramatically filled this trend and providing different kind of facility and access tools what helps to the people to do instead of physical office work they can carry all of work in a single hand. The nature of business are changing and it’s no longer dependent on location because of increasing demand for fingertips technology, which has increased the demand for professional business communication systems that are designed for a fully mobile workplace.

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Information Security Risk of Smartphone

Consumer

The phone is an integral part of a person’s daily life – e.g. private phone-calls, social networking, messaging, navigation, gaming, online banking, on-the-go entertainment, location based services, Internet browsing, micro-blogging, email, photography, video recording, e-health, etc.

Employee

The Smartphone’s is used by an employee in a business or government organization. It is used for business phone calls, Internet browsing, corporate email, expense management, customer relationship management, travel assistance, contact management and business social networking, video conferencing, scheduling tasks, and reading documents. In some cases workflow applications are run on the Smartphone’s, e.g. to fill in forms as part of an employee task.

High Official

The Smartphone’s is used by a high or top-level official in a business or government organisation, or by his or her close aide. The Smartphone’s is used as in usage scenario E but in addition it is used for dealing with sensitive information and/or tasks. Usage in this scenario is subject to security policies and the functionality of the Smartphone’s may be restricted or customized, for example by adding cryptographic modules for protecting call-confidentiality.

Information security opportunities

From an information security perspective, Smartphone’s have certain advantages over traditional PCs and mobile handsets. In this chapter we give an overview of the main information security opportunities for Smartphone’s users. Note that any concrete security benefit provided depends heavily in all cases on the extent to which the opportunities are exploited in practice. We have ordered the opportunities taking into account the rating from the experts consulted when writing this report. The experts were asked to rate on a scale ranging from no opportunity, through minor and medium opportunities, to major opportunity.

Better backup and recovery

Some Smartphone’s ship with convenient backup and recovery functions to address the risk to data availability of failure, loss, or theft. Smartphone’s are often well integrated with local or remote backup and recovery services. For example, some platforms automatically back up contacts, calendar or emails to a remote service. Smartphone applications, furthermore, often rely on network-based storage and backup. Overall this can make recovery of data in the event of a device failure, theft or loss quicker and more convenient and increase overall service availability.

In some cases, Smartphone’s can even be located remotely via the network, allowing the user to recover a lost device more easily. Additionally, some Smartphone’s can be disabled and wiped remotely (and data may be easily recovered by the owner). This combined with above-mentioned backup and recovery services can be used to mitigate the risks associated to theft and loss.

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Extra authentication and non-repudiation options

Smartphone’s are equipped with a smartcard reader, which gives additional options for authentication and non-repudiation. Smartphone’s can be used to improve the process of online authentication and provide a mechanism for non-repudiation. Smartphone’s lend themselves to such applications because:

The SIM card used in Smartphone’s is a smartcard (50) and, with the appropriate software, licences and certificates in place can be used for PKI-based authentication and digital signatures (51). Although unavailability of smartcards and readers is not the only impediment to the uptake of PKI, this

feature of Smartphone’s could be one factor in encouraging the use of PKI and digital signatures for the authentication of users and transactions.

Smartphone’s may also take advantage of the shared secret between the SIM card and the HLR (Home Location Register) using the 3GPP standard Generic Bootstrapping Architecture (GBA).

Smartphone’s may also be used to create one-time-password codes without using SMS or network connections.

Extra encryption options

Smartphone’s allow users to use end-to-end encryption for phone calls and SMS more easily. Smartphone’s come with more processing power and third-party encryption applications are easily available to end-users. For call confidentiality, traditional handset users rely on encryption offered by the mobile network operator.

Crypto-modules for additional protection are expensive and are typically only used by top-officials. However several third-party applications are now offering encryption for Smartphone’s voice calls, on top of the standard encryption provided by mobile network operators.

Conclusion

Across the technology world, other companies decided they wanted in too. Microsoft built its Windows mobile operating system, which today powers scores of Smartphone’s, while notable manufacturers like nokia, Sony Ericson and Samsung built devices of their own. Two years ago, apple staked a big claim when it introduced the hugely-hyped iPhone, and Palm shook up the sector again when it introduced its Pre model this summer. Today, Smartphone come in all shapes and sizes. some offer full alphabetic keyboard while others shun physical controls in favour of a touch-screen. Indeed, the variety is huge and you can bet that Smartphone will continue to change at the speed of light.

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